Dr. F A R I D A L A K B A R L I
Farid Alakbarli is the president of the Azerbaijan Association
of Medical Historians, Director of the Department of Information
and Translation of the Institute of Manuscripts of the Azerbaijan
National Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Historical Sciences,
Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor of History of Medicine, National Delegate
from Azerbaijan to International Society for the History of Medicine (ISHM).
B I O G R A P H Y
Alakbarli Farid Urkhan oglu was born in 1964 in Ganja city of Azerbaijan in a family of scientists.
In 1980 he graduated from the Baku secondary school number 134 and entered the Faculty of Biology of the Baku State University. In 1986, having finished his studies at the university, he joined the Institute of Manuscripts of the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan.
In order to study medieval manuscripts in the field of botany, pharmacy and medicine, he studied himself Arabic and Persian languages. In addition, in 1988, he graduated from the two-year course in Persian in the Language Institute in Baku.
From left to right: Dr. Farid Alakbarli, Dr. Alain Touwaide (Secretary General of ISHM), Oktay Shiraliyev (Minister of Healthcare of Azerbaijan) Abulfaz Garayev (Minister of Culture and Tourism of Azerbaijan), Prof. Athanasios Diamandopoulos (President of ISHM). The 1st International Conference “Traditional Medicine and Materia Medica in Medieval Manuscripts”, Baku, June 12-14, 2006.
From the first day of work at the Institute of Manuscripts, he began the study of medieval medical manuscripts . In 1988-1989, he worked on the study and translation of the medieval works "Tibbname" ("Medical Book", 1712) and "Tuhfat al-muminin" ("The Gift of the Faithfuls", 1669).
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In 1991, he defended his thesis on "Comparative analysis of medicinal plants of the medieval (12th-18th centuries) and modern Azerbaijan." In 1993-1994 years, he lectured on the history of medicine, herbal medicine and botany at the Baku Institute of Futurology. In those same years, he was a member of the expert group in the Center for Social Research at the Milli Mejlis (Parliament) of Azerbaijan.
In 1998 he defended his doctoral dissertation on the topic "Written Sources of the 10th-18th Centuries about Health Protection in Medieval Azerbaijan." In 2003 he was appointed head of the Department of Translation and Information in the Institute of Manuscripts of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences.
In 2004, with a group of colleagues he founded the Azerbaijan Association of Medical Historians (AAMH), and was elected the first president of the organization. In the same year, he became the national representative of Azerbaijan in the International Society for the History of Medicine (ISHM).
In 2005 he conducted the first scientific conference in Azerbaijan on the history of medicine: 1st Republican Conference "Problems of the History of Medicine in Azerbaijan" (Baku, February 1-2, 2005).
In 2006, he was one of the organizers, of the 1st International Conference "Traditional Medicine and Pharmacology from the medieval manuscripts" (Baku, 12-14 June 2006), conducted with the support of the Heydar Aliyev Foundation.
Based on the study of medieval (10-18th centuries) sources in the field of medicine and pharmacy, Farid Alakbarli identified and studied in detail for the first time the concept of health protection, which existed in medieval Azerbaijan. He identified and studied the main features of this concept: health protection through the protection of the environment (air, soil, water), health protection through the proper management of dwellings, healthy living and disease prevention (nutrition, exercise, work and rest, and emotion regulation etc.), disease treatment (medicine and pharmacy). For the first time, it have been explored and identified 724 species of plants, 150 species of animals, 115 species of minerals used in the traditional medicine of medieval Azerbaijan. It was compiled the list and a detailed systematic review of examined species, and the information on their medicinal properties. information The information on 866 species of multi-component drugs, their classification dosage forms and therapeutic groups was identified and analyzed.
Farid Alakbarli attracted to the study more than one hundred medieval manuscripts. As a result, for the first time it was discovered and investigated the following unique manuscripts: "Arvah al-Ajsad" by Kamaladdin Kashani (15th c.), "Khirga" by Murtuza Gulu Khan Shamlu (17th c.), “Mualijati-munfarida” by Abulhasan Maragi (18th c.). Farid Alakbarli translated a number of medieval manuscripts from the Azerbaijani, Arabic and Persian into Russian and English. A Total of 7 books of translations were published in Azeri, Russian and English. Translation of “Tibbname” was published by the St. Petersburg State University. It was the first medieval Azerbaijani treatise on medicine, published in Russian.
In 2010-2013, Farid Alakbarli conducted research in the Vatican Apostolic Library and other archives of Vatican and Italy, and found a more than 90 medieval Azerbaijani manuscripts and more than 500 historical documents related to Azerbaijan in Turkic Azeri, Ottoman, Arabic, Persian, Latin, Italian and other languages. Copies of these manuscripts were sent to the archives of Baku. It was carried out a work on the catalog of previously undescribed medieval Turkic manuscripts of Vatican.
In 2012 in Moscow, it was published by the Rudomino All-Russian Library of Foreign Literature a collection of selected, including previously unpublished works of the Azerbaijani philosopher and playwright of the XIX century Mirza Fatali Akhund-Zadeh (Akhundov) compiled by Farid Alakbarli co-authored with Dr. Ilya Zaytsev.
In 2013, in New York, was published a book "Memories of Baku". The author of the chapter, which tells the history of Baku from ancient times to the beginning of XX century, is Farid Alakbarli. The book is richly illustrated with historical photos of Baku of the 19th- early 20th centuries. Farid Alakbarli is the author of the section in a special volume of the Azerbaijan National Encyclopedia, devoted to the history of the development of scientific knowledge in Azerbaijan since ancient times to the beginning of the 20th century.
Farid Alakbarli has participated in several international conferences in Bologna (Italy), 1992; Tabriz (Iran), 1993; Tehran (Iran), 2000; Istanbul (Turkey), 2002; Moscow (Russia), 2003; Kiel (Germany), 2003; Leeds (UK), 2004; Tehran (Iran), 2004; Patras (Greece), 2005; Varna (Bulgaria), 2005; Konya (Turkey), 2008; Ashgabat (Turkmenistan), 2009; Nicosia (Cyprus) 2009; Rome (Italy), 2010; Warsaw (Poland), 2011; Berlin (Germany), 2011; Barcelona (Spain), 2011; Rome (Italy), 2012); Rome (Italy), 2013; Moscow (Russia), 2013; Olympia (Greece), 2013, etc.
Farid Alakbarli is the author of 12 monographs, books, translations, and more than 110 scientific articles in Azerbaijani, English and Russian languages. In addition, F.Alakbarli is the author of over 100 scientific and popular articles and essays, as well as a number of short stories and novels, some of which were published abroad - in Russia, Greece and the UK.
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