• History - Manuscripts - Herbs

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    Institute of Manuscripts of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences

    Istiglaliyyat str. 8, Baku-Az1001
    Email: alakbarli_farid@yahoo.com



    FARID ALAKBARLI (1964) is PhD, Professor of history, Head of Department of International Relations of the M.Fuzuli Institute of Manuscripts of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences.

    Farid Alakbarli was born in January 3, 1964 in Ganja city of Azerbaijan in the family of scientists.

    In 1980 he graduated from the Baku School №134 and enrolled in biological faculty of Baku State University. In 1986, after finishing his studies at the university, he started to work at the Institute of Manuscripts of the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan.

    In order to study medieval manuscripts in the field of botany, pharmacy and medicine, he studied Arabic and Persian languages. In 1998 he graduated from the two-year course of Persian at the Azerbaijan State Pedagogical University of Foreign Languages.

    From the first days of work at the Institute, he began to explore the medieval medical manuscripts. In 1988-1989, he worked on the study and translation of the medieval works "Tibbname" ("Medical Book", 1712) and "Tuhfat al-muminin" ("The Gift of the Faithfuls", 1669).

    In 1992, he defended his PhD thesis on "Comparative analysis of medicinal plants of the medieval (12th-18th centuries) and modern Azerbaijan." In 1993-1994 years, he lectured on the history of medicine, herbal medicine and botany at the Baku Institute of Futurology. In those same years, he was a member of the expert group in the Center for Social Research at the Milli Mejlis (Parliament) of Azerbaijan.

    In 1998 he defended his ScD thesis on the topic "Written Sources of the 10th-18th Centuries about Health Protection in Medieval Azerbaijan." In 2003 he was appointed head of the Department of Translation and Information in the Institute of Manuscripts of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences.

    In 2004, with a group of colleagues he founded the Azerbaijan Association of Medical Historians (AAMH), and was elected the first president of this association. In the same year, he became the national representative of Azerbaijan in the International Society for the History of Medicine (ISHM).

    In 2005 he held the first scientific conference on the history of medicine in Azerbaijan: 1st Republican Conference "Problems of the History of Medicine in Azerbaijan" (Baku, February 1-2, 2005).

    In 2006, he was one of the organizers of the 1st International Conference "Traditional Medicine and Pharmacology from the medieval manuscripts" (Baku, 12-14 June 2006), which was held with the support of the Heydar Aliyev Foundation.

    Based on the study of medieval (10-18th centuries) sources in the field of medicine and pharmacy, Farid Alakbarli identified and studied in detail the concept of health protection, which existed in medieval Azerbaijan. He identified and studied the main features of this concept: health protection through the protection of the environment (air, soil, water), health protection through the proper management of dwellings, healthy living and disease prevention (nutrition, exercise, work and rest, and emotion regulation etc.), disease treatment (medicine and pharmacy). For the first time, it have been explored and identified 724 species of plants, 150 species of animals, 115 species of minerals used in the traditional medicine of medieval Azerbaijan. It was compiled the list and a detailed systematic review of examined species, and the information on their medicinal properties. information The information on 866 species of multi-component drugs, their classification dosage forms and therapeutic groups was identified and analyzed.

    Farid Alakbarli attracted to the study more than one hundred medieval manuscripts. As a result, for the first time it was discovered and investigated the following unique manuscripts: "Arvah al-Ajsad" by Kamaladdin Kashani (15th c.), "Khirga" by Murtuza Gulu Khan Shamlu (17th c.), "Mualijati-munfarida" by Abulhasan Maragi (18th c.), etc. Farid Alakbarli translated a number of medieval manuscripts from medieval Turkic, Arabic and Persian into Azeri, Russian and English. A total of 7 books of translations were published in Azeri, Russian and English. Translation of "Tibbname" was published by the St. Petersburg State University. It was the first medieval Azerbaijani treatise on medicine, published in Russian.

    In 2010-2013, Farid Alakbarli conducted research in the Vatican Apostolic Library and Secret Archives of Vatican, and found numerous medieval manuscripts and historical documents related to Azerbaijan. Copies of these manuscripts were purchased and sent to the Institute of Manuscripts in Baku. The work on a catalog of previously undescribed Turkic manuscripts of the Vatican had been carried out.

    A collection of selected (including previously unpublished) works by the Azerbaijani philosopher and playwright of the 19th century Mirza Fatali Akhund-Zadeh (Akhundov) had been compiled by Farid Alakbarli co-authored with Ilya Zaytsev. In 2012, this book was published in Moscow by the Rudomino All-Russian Library of Foreign Literature.

    In 2013, in New York published a book "Memories of Baku". Farid Alakbarli is the author of the chapter, which tells the history of Baku from ancient times to the beginning of XX century. The book is richly illustrated with historical photos of Baku dating back to the 19th-early 20th centuries.

    Farid Alakbarli is the author of the section in a special volume of the Azerbaijan National Encyclopedia, devoted to the history of the development of scientific knowledge in Azerbaijan since ancient times to the beginning of the 20th century.

    Farid Alakbarli has participated in several international conferences in Bologna (Italy), 1992; Tabriz (Iran), 1993; Tehran (Iran), 2000; Istanbul (Turkey), 2002; Moscow (Russia), 2003; Kiel (Germany), 2003; Leeds (UK), 2004; Tehran (Iran), 2004; Patras (Greece), 2005; Varna (Bulgaria), 2005; Konya (Turkey), 2008; Ashgabat (Turkmenistan), 2009; Nicosia (Cyprus) 2009; Rome (Italy), 2010; Warsaw (Poland), 2011; Berlin (Germany), 2011; Barcelona (Spain), 2011; Rome (Italy), 2012); Rome (Italy), 2013; Moscow (Russia), 2013; Olympia (Greece), 2013, Rome (2015), etc.

    Farid Alakbarli is the author of more than 200 scientific articles, including 23 monographs and 10 books of translations. In addition, F.Alakbarli is the author of numerous popular articles and essays, as well as a number of short stories and novels.




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